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Myelography is a contrast iodinated radiographic study used to highlight the spinal cord within the vertebral canal. While survey vertebral column radiographs do not allow visualization of the spinal cord or the meninges, Myelography with the use of radiographs as described above, allows visualization of the outline of the spinal cord.

The procedure is technical and performed by veterinarians experienced with the procedure. The procedure is carried out under anesthesia. A spinal needle is introduced into the spinal canal as for a spinal tap. For myelography of the entire spine usually lumbar puncture at L4-5 or L5-6 is performed (low back area). After sterile surgical preparation of the skin, the needle is inserted into the subarachnoid space. This space lies between the outer meninges (fibrous covering of the spinal cord) and the spinal cord itself. This space is filled with spinal fluid. The contrast agent is slowly and gently instilled with care until the entire spinal cord can be visualized into the high neck region.

Myelography for many years was the only way to further image the spinal cord. Although it does not allow for imaging the spinal cord itself, because the contrast agent surrounds and thus highlights the spinal cord, it can provide information on diseases causing compression from the outside the cord but within the canal (extra-dural), within the meninges (intra-dural, extramedullary) and also within the spinal cord (intramedullary).

Examples of extradural diseases include: intervertebral disc extrusion, tumors, cysts, infection, hemorrhage, compression from malformation, fracture or instability and other. Examples of intradural-extramedullary diseases include tumors or infection of the meninges/nerve roots, and cysts or dilations or adhesions of the meningeal elements. Intramedullary diseases include tumors of the spinal cord itself, ischemic stroke, hemorrhage, infection, inflammation, cavities (syrinx), traumatic high velocity intervertebral disc rupture and others.

 

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Neurology

Welcome to the Neurology Department of Veterinary Referral & Emergency Center of Westbury!

Our hospital's Neurology Department offers complete evaluations, diagnostics, and therapeutic or surgical treatment options for a full range of neurological diseases and disorders of the brain, spinal cord, nerves and muscles. Our Board Certified Neurologist has advanced training in all diagnostic modalities including CT Scan, MRI, and in electrodiagnostic testing, as well as neurosurgical procedures.

Our Neurology service uses a clinical approach coupled with evidence based medicine to address Neurological conditions. We favor the prognosis that every neurological affliction is treatable until proven otherwise. Our mission is to provide high-quality specialized neurological care to pets and help keep them together with their families. Compassion, expertise, and advanced technology are key elements in providing the care that your pet needs. We rely on thorough neurological examinations that take advantage of the hospital's full reserve of high powered leading edge diagnostic tools-including MRI AND CT imaging. We offer a full range of treatment options plus adjunct therapies such as low level in hospital laser therapy and rehabilitation.

Our Neurology Department's advanced diagnostic procedures include:

  • Helical CT Scan (onsite)
  • Myelography
  • Digital Radiology
  • MRI (onsite)
  • Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) aspirate and analysis
  • Electromyography
  • Nerve conduction testing

We specialized in medical management of all of the following conditions:

  • Polyneuropathies
  • Neuromuscular disease
  • Seizure disorders
  • Inflammatory and infectious disorders
  • Brain/Spinal Trauma

Our neurosurgical procedures include:

  • Intervertebral disc disease decompression
  • Spinal stabilization
  • Brain & spinal tumors
  • Congenital abnormalities
  • Nerve and muscle biopsy
  • Hyperbaric oxygen therapy

What Is Veterinary Neurology?

Veterinary Neurology is the branch of medicine that treats diseases of the nervous system: the brain, spinal cord, nerves, and muscles in pets. This encompasses such common problems as epilepsy, herniated disks, spinal and head injuries, meningitis, and cancers of the nervous system. A board certified veterinary neurologist is a licensed veterinarian who has obtained additional intensive training in veterinary neurology and has been certified by either the American College of Veterinary Internal Medicine (ACVIM) in the United States or the European College of Veterinary Neurology (ECVN) in Europe to specialize in veterinary neurology.

While your general practitioner veterinarian can diagnose and treat many health problems, certain diseases and conditions require the care of a doctor who has had specialized, intensive training in veterinary neurology in order to provide the very best outcome for your pet.

Why Does My Pet Need A Veterinary Neurologist?

Just as your own primary care physician may feel the need to refer you to the care of a specialist from time to time, your general practitioner veterinarian may feel your pet needs a veterinary neurologist to help diagnose or treat a problem. While your general practitioner veterinarian can handle many aspects of your pet's care, just as in human medicine, there is sometimes a need for the attention of a specialist. You can be assured that a veterinarian who knows when to refer you and your pet for more specialized diagnostic work or treatment is one that is caring and committed to ensuring that your pet receives the highest standard of medical care for his or her condition.

Specifically, veterinary neurologists can provide the following:

  • A thorough neurologic examination, which may be videotaped for future reference.
  • Brain and spinal cord imaging, including CT and bone scans, MRI, ultrasound, myelography, and radiography.
  • Spinal fluid tap and analysis.
  • Intensive care.
  • Neurosurgery of the brain, spinal cord, and peripheral nerve system.
  • Electrophysiologic examination of nerves and muscles.
  • Knowledge of clinical trials available to pets with specific neurologic disorders.

Will My Regular Veterinarian Still Be Involved?

In many cases, your regular veterinarian will still supervise your pet's veterinary care, especially if your pet is coping with multiple disease states or conditions. In other cases, your referral doctor will take over the majority of your pet's medical care for the duration of its referred treatment. It depends on your pet's particular problem.

Please call, 516.420.0000 24 hours in advance during office hours for all medication and food refills. - Dr. Santare's Service Coordinator is Alana Cappello

For more information about board-certified neurology specialists, visit the American College of Veterinary Internal Medicine-Neurology at acvim.org

Our Neurology Services

BAER (Brainstem Auditory Evoked Potential) Testing
Brain and Spinal MRI
Cerebrospinal Fluid Collection and Analysis
Craniotomy/Craniectomy-Diagnostic and Therapeutic

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