Fluralaner

By Rania Gollakner, BS DVM

Medications

What is fluralaner?

cat_scratchingFluralaner (brand name Bravecto®) is used to treat and control flea and tick infestations in dogs and cats. After being ingested by a pet, fluralaner is distributed throughout the pet’s body. When fleas or ticks bite the dog or cat, they are exposed to the drug and killed during their blood meal.

Sometimes fluralaner is used for the treatment of sarcoptic mange or demodectic mange. When fluralaner is prescribed for the treatment of mange, it is referred to as ‘extra-label’ or ‘off label’ use. Many drugs are commonly prescribed for off label use in veterinary medicine. In these instances, follow your veterinarian’s directions and cautions very carefully, as their directions may be significantly different from those on the label.

How quickly does it kills fleas?

Following exposure, the majority of fleas will be killed within hours of biting a fluralaner-treated pet. Keep in mind that you will likely continue to see fleas on a treated pet for some time, especially if you have a flea infestation in your home. Fleas continue to hatch and climb onto your pet in search of a blood meal. The fleas’ death prevents reproduction and new eggs being laid in the home. The more fleas that climb onto your pet and are killed, the faster the infestation will be eliminated.

How do I give my pet fluralaner?

Oral form (Dogs): Fluralaner is given by mouth in the form of a chewable tablet. The tablet should always be given as directed by your veterinarian. It can be given with or without food or water. Be sure the dog consumes the entire dose. If your dog vomits within 3 hours of receiving the chewable tablet, check with your veterinarian before you re-dose your dog. Try giving the next dose with food. If 4 or more hours have passed before the vomiting occurs, it is likely that the medication has been absorbed and the dog is protected.

Topical form (Dogs or Cats): Fluralaner should be applied directly to the skin between the shoulder blades of the pet in one or more spots starting between the pet’s shoulder blades and continuing along the pet’s back.

Can I bathe my dog after applying fluralaner?

Bathing or allowing your dog to swim after administration of fluralaner will not reduce the effectiveness of this product against fleas and some species of ticks. Check with your veterinarian if you have questions.

What if I forget to give my pet the medication, or my shipment is late?

Give the missed dose as soon as you remember and start a new monthly dosing schedule. For example, if you forgot to give your pet his/her dose on June 1st and remember on June 18th, give the dose on June 18th and start a new monthly schedule. The next dose your pet will receive would be on July 18th. Do not give your pet two doses at once.

Are there any potential side effects from fluralaner?

The majority of pets have very few side effects from fluralaner, provided it is given according to label recommendations and at the prescribed interval (or for off-label use, according to the directions given by your veterinarian). If you observe any abnormal signs (such as vomiting, dry/flaky skin, diarrhea, lethargy, and lack of appetite) contact your veterinarian. At that time, make sure your veterinarian is aware of any other medications/natural remedies that you are giving to your pet.

Are there any risk factors for this medication?

Fluralaner should be used with caution in pets with a history of seizures. This drug should not be used in kittens or puppies that are less than 6 months of age. Fluralaner should not be used in kittens weighing less than 1.2 kg (2.6 lb) or puppies weighing less than 2 kg (4.4 lb). Both the oral and the topical are approved for use in pregnant, breeding, and lactating dogs. It is not approved for use in pregnant cats.

Are there any drug interactions that I should be aware of?

At this time, there are no known drug interactions reported with fluralaner. Be sure to tell your veterinarian about any medications (including vitamins, supplements, or herbal therapies) that your pet is taking.

Is there any monitoring that needs to be done with this medication?

There is no specific monitoring required for dogs receiving fluralaner.

How do I store fluralaner?

Store fluralaner-based products in the original packaging at room temperature in a cool, dry place, away from heat. Keep away from sources of heat, sparks, or open flames.

What should I do in case of emergency?

If you suspect an overdose or an adverse reaction to the medication, call your veterinary office immediately. If they are not available, follow their directions in contacting an emergency facility.

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