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Urethroscopy is the endoscopic study of the urethra. Cystoscopy is the endoscopic study of the lining of the bladder. Usually these studies are performed together as one procedure. Both rigid and flexible scopes can be used to perform the exam. Rigid scopes are generally used for female patients. Small-diameter flexible scopes are used on male dogs. Biopsies of the urethral surface or bladder wall can be obtained by passing the biopsy instrument next to the scope, through the protective outer sleeve of the scope or through an opening built into the scope. This procedure requires little patient preparation outside of withholding food on the day of the procedure. In most cases, patients are discharged the same day the procedure is performed.

The major symptoms and reasons to perform a urethroscopy and/or cystoscopy are:

  • Blood in the urine (persistent hematuria)
  • Persistent straining to urinate
  • Persistent vaginal discharge
  • Removal of bladder stones (cystic calculi or urethral calculi)
  • Biopsy of known bladder growth
  • Urinary incontinence
  • Study of congenital urinary tract problems

Internal Medicine

Our internal medicine specialists frequently take care of dogs and cats with serious and complex illnesses that may require more advanced diagnostics and therapies.

Our internists have special training in the use of non-invasive and minimally invasive diagnostic techniques. Whether your pet needs a stay in the hospital or can be cared for at home, the internists will guide you through the most current treatments available to provide the best quality of life for your pet.

Our internists are able to provide you with specialized diagnostics and medical treatments involving:

  • Ultrasonography and digital radiography
  • Ultrasound guided aspirates and biopsies
  • Oncology (cancer) treatment
  • Endocrinology, hematology, and gastroenterology
  • Endoscopy and bronchoscopy

Appointments are made by referral from your family veterinarian. You may schedule an appointment by calling (707) 579-3900.

At VCA PetCare East, we feel that the relationship between pet owners and their family veterinarian is an important one. Our internists work closely with your referring family veterinarian to keep them up to date with your pet's progress while at VCA PetCare East, which enables them to continue their active role in providing lifelong care for your dog or cat.

Our Internal Medicine Services

Abdominocentesis
Arthrocentesis
Bronchoalveolar Lavage BAL
Bronchoscopy

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