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Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) is produced primarily within the ventricles of the brain and travels within the central nervous system (CNS) down towards the lower back and tail. CSF surrounds the brain and spinal cord and acts to support, protect and nourish these structures.

Spinal fluid can be obtained from the back of the neck just behind the head or from the lower back. Collection of CSF involves shaving hair over these areas, aseptically preparing the overlying skin and carefully placing a small needle into the space around the spinal cord. This procedure is performed in anesthetized patients placed in very specific positions. When performed by a well trained and experienced veterinarian, such as a veterinary neurologist, risks of complications associated with this procedure are generally low.

CSF can be analyzed for cell types and numbers, as well as for changes in normal components, such as protein level, or presence of abnormalities, e.g. infectious agents or cancerous cells. CSF analysis is generally used together with other tests (e.g. MRI, myelography) to help determine the underlying cause of a problem affecting the CNS. CSF analysis can be especially important in diagnosis of inflammatory CNS conditions, e.g. meningitis.

See our departments

Neurology

The neurology/neurosurgery service at AVCC is a comprehensive service providing diagnostics and treatments to patients with neurological condition. The staff on this service have the ability to diagnose and treat most neurological conditions. With on-site access to a 1.5Tesla GE MRI and GE Helical CT, same day imaging can be accommodated most of the time. The staff within this department perform medical and surgical neurology on a variety of conditions including

  • Advanced Epilepsy Diagnosis and Treatment
  • Consultation, Diagnosis and Treatment of
  • Intracranial Diseases
  • Vestibular Diseases
  • Spinal Cord Diseases
  • Nerve and Muscle Diseases
  • Congenital and Inherited Neurological Diseases
  • Neurosurgery
  • Intervertebral Disc Disease
  • Congenital Malformation Correction (A-A luxation, Chiari Malformation, Hydrocephalus)
  • Brain and Spinal Tumors
  • Cervical Spondylomyelopathy €“ Wobbler's Syndrome
  • Spinal Fractures
  • Brain Biopsies
  • Nerve and Muscle Biopsy
  • Cerebrospinal Fluid Tap Collection and Interpretation
  • Advanced Diagnostic Imaging (MRI, CT, and myelograms)
  • Electrodiagnostic Testing €“ BAER, EMG and Nerve Conduction Velocity
  • Chronic Pain Management

Our Neurology Services

BAER (Brainstem Auditory Evoked Potential) Testing
Cerebrospinal Fluid Collection and Analysis
Craniotomy/Craniectomy-Diagnostic and Therapeutic
Dorsal Laminectomy (cervical and lumbosacral)

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