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Joao Felipe De Brito Galvao

MV, MS, DACVIM (SAIM)
Dr. Joao
Veterinary Specialist
Internal Medicine, Interventional Radiology
Availability: Monday - Thursday
Dr. Joao

At a Glance

Practicing Since:

2004

Board Certified:

Small Animal Internal Medicine 

Specialties Include:

Interventional Radiology 
Interventional Endoscopy
Nuclear Medicine
Nephrology and Urology
Gastroenterology
 


My Pets:

Layla & Lila - Cats
Dr. Galvao joined VCA Arboretum View in the summer of 2011. He is an Adjunct Assistant Professor at The Ohio State University, College of Veterinary Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences. Additionally, he is an Associate Editor for Veterinary Record, The Official Journal of the British Veterinary Association. He was Medical Director from 2012-2016 and Internship Director from 2015-2016. He has authored numerous peer-reviewed publications and book chapters. He is also a known lecturer nationally and internationally, averaging 50 to 100 hours of lectures in renowned conferences like ACVIM Forum (American College of Veterinary Internal Medicine) and specialty courses per year.

Dr. Galvao is a 2004 graduate of the Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Brazil. He did a Small Animal Medicine Residency at Sao Paulo State University, Brazil before coming to the US for an evaluated clinical year at the University of Wisconsin. Later, he completed a one-year rotating internship at Purdue University. He then concluded a three-year internal medicine residency and obtained a Master's degree in Comparative and Veterinary Medicine at The Ohio State University College of Veterinary Medicine. 

Dr. Galvao enjoys all aspects of internal medicine with special interest in calcium disorders, gastroenteric, hepatobiliary, kidney, endocrine and immune-mediated diseases as well as interventional radiology and interventional endoscopy. He is one of the few veterinarians in the world experienced in numerous minimally invasive procedures like percutaneous antegrade and endoscopic retrograde ureteral stent placement, urethral stent placement, tracheal stent placement, nasopharyngeal stent placement, percutaneous cystolithotomy (PCCL), urethral collagen implant for urinary incontinence, urethral hydraulic occluder placement for urinary incontinence, perineal approach rigid cystoscopy in male dogs, subcutaneous ureteral bypass (SUB) placement, ectopic ureter laser ablation, lithotripsy, among others. He also performs more common procedures like rhinoscopy, gastrointestinal endoscopy, cystoscopy, bronchoscopy, laparoscopic liver biopsy, endoscopic cautery polypectomy, among others.

Dr. Galvao is an ad hoc reviewer for the Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association (JAVMA), Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine (JVIM), Journal of the American Animal Hospital Association (JAAHA), among others. He was the Chair of the Small Animal Internal Medicine Credentials Committee (2017-2018), and member from 2013-2019. He was a Urology Consultant for the Veterinary Information Network (VIN) from 2016-2018. He is also a member of the Veterinary Interventional Radiology and Interventional Endoscopy Society, Comparative Gastrointestinal Society, American Society of Nephrology and Urology, and American Veterinary Medical Association.  
Papers Authored
Distal renal tubular acidosis In: Tilley, LP; Smith, FWK. Blackwell's 5 Minute Veterinary Consult: Canine and Feline.

Authored: de Brito Galvao, J. F.& DiBartola, S. P.
Published: Blackwell Publishing, 7th ed., (in press)

Hypercalcemia – Quick reference

Authored: de Brito Galvao, J. F., Schenck P. A., Chew, D. J. 
Published: Veterinary Clinics of North America – Small Animal Practice. 2017 Mar;47(2):241-248

Hypercalcemia – Quick reference

Authored: de Brito Galvao, J. F., Schenck P. A., Chew, D. J. 
Published: Veterinary Clinics of North America – Small Animal Practice. 2017 Mar;47(2):249-256

What's your diagnosis? Hydroureter and Hydronephrosis Associated with Polypoid Cystitis in a Dog

Authored: de Brito Galvao, J. F.; Chew, D. J.; Drost, W. T. 
Published: J Am Vet Med Assoc. 2013 Nov1;243(9):1251-3

Treatment of Ionized Hypercalcemia in 12 Cats (2006–2008) Using PO-Administered Alendronate

Authored: Hardy, B. T., de Brito Galvao, J. F., Green, T. A., DiBartola, S. P., Lord, L., Braudaway, S. R., Chew, D. J. 
Published: J. Vet Intern Med. 2015;29:200–206

Calcitriol, Calcidiol, PTH, and FGF-23 Interactions in Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD)

Authored: de Brito Galvao, J. F.; Schenck P. A.; Nagode, L. A.; Chew, D. J.
Published: Journal of Vet. Em and Crit. Care. 2013; 23(2):134-162

Effects of Gemcitabine and Gemcitabine in Combination with Carboplatin on Five Canine Transitional Cell Carcinoma Cells

Authored: de Brito Galvao, J. F.; Kisseberth, W. C.; Murahari, S.; Sutayatram, S.; Chew, D. J.; Inpanbutr, N.
Published: American Journal of Veterinary Research. 2012 Aug; 73 (8):1262-1272

What's Your Diagnosis? Bronchial Foreign Body in a Dog

Authored: de Brito Galvao, J. F.; Ball, R.; Kidder, A. C.; Baan, M.; Birchard, S. J.; Drost, W.T.
Published: J Am Vet Med Assoc. 2012 Jan; 1(1):1-2

Metabolic Complications of Endocrine Surgery

Authored: de Brito Galvao, J. F.; Chew, D. J. 
Published: Veterinary Clinics of North America – Small Animal Practice, 2011 41:847-868

Endoscopic Diagnosis of a Pylorogastric Intussusception with Spontaneous Resolution

Authored: de Brito Galvao, J. F.; Chew, D. J. 
Published: J Am Anim Hosp Assoc. 2011 Nov-Dec; 47(6):e156-e161

Comparison of Signalment, Clinicopathologic Findings, Histologic Diagnosis, and Prognosis in Dogs With Glomerular Disease With or Without Nephrotic Syndrome

Abstract: Nephrotic syndrome (NS) develops most commonly in people with glomerular diseases associated with marked albuminuria. Hypernatremia, hypertension, and progressive renal failure are more prevalent in nephrotic than nonnephrotic human patients
Authored: Klosterman, E. S.; Moore, G. E.; de Brito Galvao, J. F.; DiBartola, S. P.; Groman, R. P.; Whittemore, J. C.; Vaden, S. L.; Harris, T. L; Byron, J. K.; Dowling, S. R.; Grant, D. C.; Grauer, G. F.; Pressler, B. M. 
Published: J Vet Inten Med. 2011 Mar; 25(2):206-14

Fanconi syndrome In: Tilley, LP; Smith, FWK. Blackwell's 5 Minute Veterinary Consult: Canine and Feline

Authored: de Brito Galvao, J. F.& DiBartola, S. P.
Published: Blackwell Publishing, 7th ed., (in press)

Mucinous Gastric Carcinoma With Abdominal Carcinomatosis and Hypergastrinemia in a Dog

Abstract: A 12-year-old, spayed female Australian cattle dog was evaluated for a 5-month history of progressive vomiting. Abdominal radiographs and ultrasound revealed significant gastric wall thickening and a peripancreatic mass, and serum gastrin concentration was increased (127 pg/mL, reference range 10 to 40 pg/mL). 
Authored: de Brito Galvao, J. F.; Pressler, B. M.; Freeman, L. J.; Rohleder, J. J.; Burgess, R. C.; Ramos-Vara, J. A.
Published: J Am Anim Hosp Assoc 2009;45:197-202

Risk of Hemolytic Anemia With Intravenous Administration of Famotidine to Hospitalized Cats

Abstract:  Famotidine administered IV has been associated anecdotally with hemolysis in cats, and some veterinarians recommend using injectable famotidine only by the subcutaneous (SC) route for cats. However, the actual risk of such a reaction is not known.
Authored: de Brito Galvao, J. F.; Trepanier, L. A. 
Published: J Vet Inten Med. 2008 Mar-Apr; 22(2):325-9

Hypercalcemia in Dogs: Approach to Diagnosis and Treatment

Authored: de Brito Galvao, J. F., Chew, D. J., Schenk, P. 
Published: Veterinary Focus 2011; 21(1):27-34

Cystoscopic-Guided Biopsy of Lesions Optimizes Treatment in a Dog

Authored: de Brito Galvao, J. F. & Chew, D. J.
Published: The Ohio State – VMC Newsletter – Update for veterinarians. Nov-Dec., 2010, p. 3

Calcitriol in Feline Patients

Authored: de Brito Galvao, J. F.& Chew, D. J.
Published: The Feline Patient. 5th ed. Wiley Blackwell, 2018, ch 318, p.962

Renal Secondary Hyperparathyroidism

Authored: Chew, D. J.; de Brito Galvao, J. F. 
Published:  Clinical Veterinary Advisor: Dogs and Cats. 4th ed., St. Louis, Saunders Elsevier. (in press)

Distal Renal Tubular Acidosis

Authored: de Brito Galvao, J. F.& DiBartola, S. P. 
Published: Tilley, LP; Smith, FWK. Blackwell's 5 Minute Veterinary Consult: Canine and Feline. Blackwell Publishing, 6th ed., 2016, p.1167

Fanconi Syndrome

Authored: de Brito Galvao, J. F.& DiBartola, S. P.
Published: Tilley, LP; Smith, FWK. Blackwell's 5 Minute Veterinary Consult: Canine and Feline. Blackwell Publishing, 6th ed., 2016, p. 483

Management of Idiopathic Hypercalcemia

Authored: de Brito Galvao, J. F.; Chew, D. J., Parker, V. J.
Published: August's Consultations in Feline Internal Medicine. 7th ed., St. Louis, Saunders Elsevier, 2015, p. 899

Renal Secondary Hyperparathyroidism

Authored: Chew, D. J.; de Brito Galvao, J. F.
Published: Clinical Veterinary Advisor: Dogs and Cats. 3rd ed., St. Louis, Saunders Elsevier, 2015

Prospective Evaluation of the Incidence of Canine Hypercalciuria and iCa Concentration with Calcium Oxalate Urolithiasis

Authored: de Brito Galvao, J. F.,Otoni, C. C., Chew, D. J., Hokamp, J. A., Wellman, M
Published: J Vet Inten Med. 2018 Nov;32(6):2274

Treatment of Hypoparathyroidism

Authored: de Brito Galvao, J. F.; Chew, D. J.; Nagode, L.; Schenck, P.
Published: Bonagura JD, Twedt DC (ed). Kirk's Current Veterinary Therapy XV, 15th ed., St. Louis, Saunders Elsevier, 2014, w. chap. 22

Idiopathic Feline Hypercalcemia

Authored: de Brito Galvao, J. F.; Chew, D. J.; Schenck, P.
Published: onagura JD, Twedt DC (ed). Kirk's Current Veterinary Therapy XV, 15th ed., St. Louis, Saunders Elsevier, 2014, chap 55

Thyroidectomy in the Dog and Cat

Authored: Birchard, S. J., de Brito Galvao, J. F.
Published: Bojrab MJ (ed). Current Techniques in Small Animal Surgery, 5th ed., Baltimore, Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2013, chap 37, 558-563

Fluid Electrolyte, and Acid-Base Disturbances in Gastrointestinal and Pancreatic Disease

Authored: de Brito Galvao, J. F., Simpson, K. W., Birnbaum, N.
Published: DiBartola SP (ed). Fluid, Electrolyte, and Acid-Base Disorders. 4th ed., Philadelphia, Elsevier, 2011, chap 18. p.436-455

Fluid Electrolyte, and Acid-Base Disturbances in Liver Disease

Authored: de Brito Galvao, J. F.& Center, S. A.
Published: DiBartola SP (ed). Fluid, Electrolyte, and Acid-Base Disorders. 4th ed., Philadelphia, Elsevier, 2011, chap 19. p. 456-499

Distal Renal Tubular Acidosis

Authored: de Brito Galvao, J. F.& DiBartola, S. P.
Published: Tilley, LP; Smith, FWK. Blackwell's 5 Minute Veterinary Consult: Canine and Feline. Blackwell Publishing, 5th ed., 2011 p.1098

Fanconi Syndrome

Authored: de Brito Galvao, J. F.& DiBartola, S. P. 
Published: Tilley, LP; Smith, FWK. Blackwell's 5 Minute Veterinary Consult: Canine and Feline. Blackwell Publishing, 5th ed., 2011 p.453

Vitamin D Metabolites in Chronic Kidney Disease Cats with Nephrolithiasis

Authored: Chacar, F. C., Kogik a, M. M., Chew, D. J., de Brito Galvao, J. F., de Moraes, H. A., Toribio, R., Makowski, A. J., Brunetto, M. A., Reche Jr., A
Published: J Vet Inten Med. 2018 Nov;32(6):2280

Fibroblast Growth Factor‐23 Concentration in Dogs with Chronic Kidney Disease

Objective: To measure FGF‐23 concentration in dogs with different stages of CKD and determine its association with factors involved in CKD‐MBD, including serum phosphorus and parathyroid hormone (PTH) concentrations. A secondary aim was to validate an ELISA for measurement of plasma FGF‐23 concentration in dogs.
Authored: Kogika, M. M., Chacar, F. C., Martorelli, C. R., Chew, D. J., Toribio, R., de Brito Galvao, J. F., de Moraes, H. A., Makowski, A. J., Caragelasco, D. S., Rodrigues, C. E., Sanches, T. R., Andrade, L. C.
Published: J Vet Inten Med. 2018 Nov;32(6):2287

Hypoparathyroidism and Hyperparathyroidism. In: Scansen, BA & Bonagura JD (ed). Kirk & Bonagura's Current Veterinary Therapy

Authored: de Brito Galvao, J. F.; Chew, D. J.; Nagode, L.; Schenck, P
Published: Kirk & Bonagura's Current Veterinary Therapy XVI, 16th ed., St. Louis, Saunders Elsevier (in press)

Fibroblast Growth Factor-23 association with Vitamin D Metabolites in Dogs with Spontaneous Chronic Kidney Disease

Authored: Kogika, M. M., Chacar, F. C., Martorelli, C. R., Chew, D. J., Toribio, R., de Brito Galvao, J. F., de Moraes, H. A., Makowski, A. J., Caragelasco, D. S., Rodrigues, C. E., Sanches, T. R., Andrade, L. C.
Published:  J Vet Inten Med. 2018 Nov;32(6):2287

Feline Idiopathic Hypercalcemia. In: Scansen, BA & Bonagura JD (ed). Kirk & Bonagura's Current Veterinary Therapy XVI

Authored: de Brito Galvao, J. F.; Parker, V., Chew, D. J.
Published: Scansen, BA & Bonagura JD (ed). Kirk & Bonagura's Current Veterinary Therapy XVI, 16th ed., St. Louis, Saunders Elsevier, (in press)

Update on Feline Ionized Hypercalcemia

Authored: de Brito Galvao, J. F., Parker, V. J., Schenck P. A., Chew, D. J.
Published: Veterinary Clinics of North America – Small Animal Practice. 2017 Mar;47(2):273-292

Internal Medicine

What Is A Veterinary Internal Medicine Specialist?

A board certified veterinary internal medicine specialist is a licensed veterinarian who has obtained intensive, additional training in understanding how your pet's internal body systems function and in diagnosing and treating the many serious diseases that can affect the health of those systems. An internal medicine specialist has advanced training in the following disciplines:

  • Endocrinology
  • Cardiology
  • Gastroenterology
  • Hematology (study of the blood)
  • Immunology
  • Infectious Diseases
  • Nephrology/Urology
  • Neurology
  • Respiratory Diseases
  • Oncology

While your general practitioner veterinarian can diagnose and treat many health problems, certain diseases and conditions require the care of a doctor who has had specialized, intensive training in internal medicine in order to provide the very best outcome for your pet.

*Within the discipline of veterinary internal medicine, there are also veterinarians who specialize further in Small Animal Medicine, Cardiology, Neurology, and Oncology.

Why Does My Pet Need A Veterinary Internal Medicine Specialist?

Just as your own primary care physician may feel the need to refer you to the care of a specialist from time to time, your general practitioner veterinarian may feel your pet needs a specialist to help diagnose or treat a particularly complicated medical problem. While your general practitioner veterinarian can handle many aspects of your pet's care, just as in human medicine, there is sometimes a need for the attention of a specialist. You can be assured that a veterinarian who knows when to refer you and your pet for more specialized diagnostic work or treatment is one that is caring and committed to ensuring that your pet receives the highest standard of medical care for his or her problem.

While in some cases, your veterinarian may be able to simply consult with a specialist about your pet's care, in other cases it is necessary to actually refer you and your pet to the specialist for more advanced diagnostics and treatment. Board certified veterinary internists may also have access to specialized diagnostic or treatment tools that a general practitioner veterinarian may not have.

What Health Problems Does A Veterinary Internal Medicine Specialist Treat?

Board certified internal medicine specialists are trained to treat the most serious diseases and health problems that affect pets. They are also especially prepared to care for pets that may be facing multiple health problems. Thanks to better health care, more and more pets are living longer lives. As a result, an increasing number of older pets, just like older people, are coping with multiple disease states that can be very difficult to manage. For example, a cat with diabetes may also be suffering from kidney failure, or a dog in heart failure may also be diagnosed with cancer. Internal medicine specialists are uniquely prepared to oversee the care of these complicated cases. In other situations, a younger animal may develop a problem that used to be considered untreatable but is now manageable and perhaps even curable.

Here are some common diseases that frequently lead general practitioner veterinarians and concerned pet owners to seek the expertise of a specialist:

  • Cancer
  • Heart Disease
  • Gastrointestinal Diseases
  • Diabetes Mellitus
  • Immune Related Disorders
  • Kidney Dysfunction

Why Can't I See an Internal Medicine Specialist All the Time?

In some cases you can. In many practices, the 'general practitioner' veterinarian at a practice is also a boarded internal medicine specialist. General practice veterinarians, however, are also highly educated medical professionals who must meet ongoing continuing education requirements throughout their professional careers in order to maintain their licensure. When a specialist is needed, he or she is only a phone call or a visit away.

Will My Regular Veterinarian Still Be Involved?

In many cases, your regular veterinarian will still supervise your pet's veterinary care, especially if your pet is coping with multiple disease states or conditions. In other cases, your referral doctor will take over the majority of your pet's medical care. It depends on your pet's particular disease and health problem.

Did You Know?

There are approximately 1400 board certified veterinary internal medicine specialists in the United States, and the number is growing.

VCA Arboretum View Animal Hospital

2551 Warrenville Road

Downers Grove, IL 60515

Main: 630-963-0424

Fax: 630-963-0537

Hospital Hours:

    Mon-Sun: Open 24 hours

Specialty/Emergency Hours:

Emergency/Critical Care open 24/7.
Specialty Services available Monday-Saturday depending on department.

Email Us - [email protected]

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